Afrikansiche Baumwolle (10)


Cotonou, the largest city of Benin is located on the coast. It is the economic centre of the country, with a thriving trade in second-hand cars. But the impression of flourishing commercial activity in this vibrant city does not show the whole truth – neither is it representative for Benin. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, with about one third of its population living in extreme poverty. Agriculture is an important economic factor, built mainly on cotton.

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Benin Karte
Burkina Faso Karte

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world; it ranks 183 out of 187 countries in the UN Human Development Index. The chances of improvements in people’s conditions of life are decreased by the unfavourable landlocked position of the country, its low rainfall, its lack of mineral resources and its low educational level and productivity. Cotton is both the “heart” and the hope of Burkina’s economy. 

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Ivory Coast

Until the early 1980s, Ivory Coast was a model of stability and economic success in Africa. For many years it enjoyed relative prosperity thanks to export revenues from cocoa and coffee. But the country was plunged into political troubles by the economic crisis in the early 1990s, and they are still going on today. Development of the country is hindered by conditions close to civil war. 

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Karte Elfenbeinküste
Karte Ghana


Ghana, located in Westafrica, is considered to be politically stable and serves as a role model regarding its democratic system in Africa. While English is the official language, many Ghanaians grow up multilingual. With 79 different languages and idioms, the country's language diversity is great. Ghana's economy traditionally depends on the export of a few products. These include mainly gold, cocoa and precious woods. 

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Cameroon is also referred to as "Africa in miniature" because of its diversity. Cameroon’s cultural life is influenced by more than 240 different ethnic groups and linguistic diversity made up of more than 230 languages, which give this country its unique charm. Due to favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the most valuable commodity export economies in Africa south of the Sahara. In addition to wood and cocoa, cotton is a key product from the agricultural sector. Nevertheless, the country faces serious problems, one of the biggest challenges is the rapid spread of HIV and AIDS. 

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Karte Kamerun
Karte Malawi


Malawi hit the world headlines in 2006, when pop star Madonna adopted a child from this land-locked state in South East Africa. Malawi has a population of about 13 million people, and is one of the smallest and poorest countries in Africa, very much dependent on support from overseas. The large number of young people with HIV infections there has enormous consequences for the country. 

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Mozambique society is primarily shaped by smallholder farmers from a wide range of population groups. While the greatest share of the population lives in rural areas, the capital Maputo numbers among the most rapidly growing cities in Africa. Here an urban lifestyle is developing, European and African influences are intensely mixing, and a vital cultural scene pulses.

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Karte Mosambik
Karte Sambia


The Zambian economy was for a long time concentrated exclusively on the export of copper and copper products; there was no further development in the agricultural sector. The collapse of copper prices in the world market therefore plunged the country into great economic distress. There was also a dramatic spread in HIV and AIDS, which still causes problems for the national economy. But there is also reason for optimism – agriculture and tourism have a lot of potential for economic stability. Cotton is one of the great hopes.

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Culturally, Zimbabwe is still strongly influenced by the former colonial power Britain. The education system which was largely supported by the churches during the colonial period was further developed by the government since the country's independence. However, it suffers from severe under-funding due to the economic crisis. Zimbabwe has fertile soil, abundant mineral resources as well as natural touristic attractions such as the Victoria Falls and the Zambezi Valley. Since the late 1990s, however, Zimbabwe has steadily decreased tapping this potential. Zimbabwe is still one of the poorest countries in the world. 

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Karte Simbabwe


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